The '''Royal Irish Constabulary''' ('''RIC''', Irish language|Irish
: ''Constáblacht Ríoga na hÉireann''; simply called the '''Irish Constabulary''' 1836–67) was the armed police force of the United Kingdom in Ireland from the early nineteenth century until 1922. A separate civic police force, the unarmed Dublin Metropolitan Police
controlled the capital, and the cities of Derry
, originally with their own police forces, later had special divisions within the RIC.
About seventy-five percent of the RIC were Roman Catholic
and about twenty-five percent were of various Protestant
denominations, the Catholics mainly constables and the Protestants officers. The RIC's successful system of policing influenced the armed Canadian North-West Mounted Police
(predecessor of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
), the armed Victoria Police
force in Australia, and the armed Royal Newfoundland...